Switch to Main Site
Practice Name

Samantha Slotnick OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Social Media
Primary Location
495 Central Park Ave, Ste 301
Scarsdale, NY 10583
Phone: 914-874-1177

Office Hours

Monday10 am6 pm
Tuesday10 am6 pm
Wednesday10 am6 pm
Friday10 am6 pm
SaturdayBy Appt.By Appt
Main Content

Visual Motor Development Training

As infants develop and explore their new world, they are constantly acquiring new skills.  The templates for each new discovery are based in pre-existing “primitive” reflexes.  These automatic movement patterns provide the building blocks for learning to make more complex movements.

Sometimes babies skip critical steps.  For example: 

  • They may manage to sit up, but bypass crawling with scooting around on their bottom.
  • They may learn to walk with hand-holding, before they are ready to balance independently.
  • They may prefer to “W-sit,” rather than explore cross-legged sitting which enables body rotation. 

These bypasses have implications on this child’s visual and visual-motor development!

The purpose of the visual system is to be able to guide movement, establish goals, and plan the sequential steps to reach those goals.  This begins with righting the head, learning to crawl, moving the limbs independently, and setting one’s sights on a destination.  From these early movements, children learn to:

  • Keep their eyes level, for better eye-teaming and binocular skills
  • Support their core, so they can raise the head, look around, and establish a sense of space
  • Build eye-movement skills:
    • Fixating and following moving targets (smooth pursuits), and
    • Responding to changes in motion or activity in their peripheral vision with rapid eye-jumps (saccades)
  • Estimate distances
  • Estimate the time it takes to travel a distance
  • Establish body organization and laterality
  • Develop balance, enabling asymmetric body movements
  • Sit still and supported, enabling sustained attention
  • Respond to peripheral vision, supporting figure-ground awareness and visual-spatial organization
  • Plan motor sequences (including crawling, walking, skipping)
  • Learn to cross the midline, encouraging exchange between the hands

  • Develop visual flexibility, shifting focus between near and far objects
  • Move their eyes smoothly and rhythmically in a sequence while reading
  • Build the visual-motor planning skills which support fine-motor development, dexterity, and handwriting skills

Dr. Samantha Slotnick incorporates the assessment of six Primitive Reflexes, the building blocks of visual-motor development, into her optometric evaluation. 

Children of any age (even adults!) are given the opportunity to re-visit missed learning stages with home-based activities which foster visual-motor development.  This directly enables more efficient use of the visual system in gathering and processing information, for learning in an intense, sustained academic environment.

Let's Meet!

Meet Dr. Slotnick and learn about signs of Vision Problems, FREE!

Call to reserve a space for yourself and a guest at our NEXT Workshop: 


Leave your email and # below, and we'll be in touch with you soon!

Name: *
Email: *
Phone: *


Extended Interview:
En "Vision" Your World

Follow us on Facebook:

Online Forms

Samantha Slotnick OD, FAAO, FCOVD offers our patient form(s) online so they can be completed in the convenience of your own home or office.
Download Online Forms Here

Follow Us

Request Appointment

We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. Request an appointment today!

Request Now


We strive to provide complete care for our patients. Learn more about all the services we provide.

Read More


Samantha Slotnick OD, FAAO, FCOVD
495 Central Park Ave, Ste 301
Scarsdale, NY 10583
Get Directions

Administrative Office Hours

Monday10 am6 pm
Tuesday10 am6 pm
Wednesday10 am6 pm
Friday10 am6 pm
SaturdayBy Appt.By Appt

Newsletter Sign Up

Community Content
Member Content